Hire In Mozambique
Mozambique is located in the Southern African region. Mozambique ranks 138 out of 190 countries in the 2020 World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business report. Mozambique’s economy is expected to gradually recover in 2021 with a 1.5% growth rate after registering its first contraction in 2020 due to the pandemic. However, substantial harmful risks remain due to the uncertainty of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Mozambique is planning to grow its massive power generation projects to match the demand for adequate infrastructure to support growth and development. The Government of Mozambique is also looking forward to growing the mining and tourism sector owing to the availability of diversified wildlife and pristine beaches. The expansion of the transportation sector is mainly driven by major investments in road and port infrastructure. There are three major ports in Mozambique: Maputo, Beira, and Nacala. The major industries in Mozambique include chemicals, food, beverages, petroleum products, textiles, glass, and cement.
Mozambique has one of the most versatile and dynamic economies in Africa, but the underdevelopment of its human capital is constraining its growth and development. Despite the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on unemployment, a tighter labor market is expected to expand in Mozambique. Today's economy is all about the need for skills, so countries need to start investing in developing skills. Africa faces a huge digital skills gap, which restricts the economic opportunities and development of its economies; therefore, learning digital skills and skills that are in demand is a must in today's world.
Overview Of Mozambique
Population- The current population of Mozambique is 32.1 million, according to the Worldometer elaboration of the United Nations data. Mozambique's population makes up 0.4% of the total population of the world.
GDP- Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, Mozambique has seen a sudden drop in its economic performance. The real GDP contracted by 0.5% in 2020, after growing 2.2% in 2019. Growth prospects are positive.
Economic Overview- As the GDP is expected to grow by 2.3% in 2021, inflation will also increase by 5%. This increase is due to the growing demand in the pandemic recovery phase. A setback in tourism, construction, transport, and a decrease in demand for export commodities were the main factors of the deceleration. On the other hand, the Worldwide call for commodities and better domestic increase is predicted to generate more tax revenues and aid the resumption of the economic consolidation system.
A Brief Glimpse Of Industries In Mozambique
- The primary industries in Mozambique are aluminum, manufacturing, coal, petroleum, chemical, finance, cement, glass, telecommunication, textiles, forestry, food processing, and beverages.
- The secondary industries in Mozambique are agriculture, energy, industry, IT, telecom, tourism, and logistics.
- The GDP of Mozambique is driven by the agriculture, financial, and construction sectors. The agriculture sector employs 70% of the population, but this sector still needs major assistance from the government.
- Mozambique has abundant mineral reserves of graphite, coal, rare piles of earth, and rubies. The government is looking forward to growing the mining sector and gradually moving into mineral processing.
- Mozambique has a very strong potential for the growth and expansion of hydroelectric energy, thermal power generation, natural gas, and renewable energy.
- The transportation sector in Mozambique is expanding, mainly driven by major investments in road and port infrastructure.
- The Information and Communications Technology sector became a substitute means for ensuring the continuity in economic development by providing support to businesses, education, health, and social activities while the country observed Covid-19 restrictions. Data storage, cloud computing, and cybersecurity are the main skills required in these sectors.
Cost Of Living
- The cost of living for a family of four in Mozambique is estimated to be 170,860 MT or $2730 per month.
- The cost of living for a single person in Mozambique is estimated to be 99,734 MT or $1593 per month.
Mozambique has a low cost of living. Maputo, the capital and the largest city of Mozambique, is ranked 161 out of 209 cities in Mercer's 2020 Cost of Living Survey. The average cost of living in Maputo is 57,766 MT or $923, which is in the top 39% of the least expensive cities in the world.
The Internet speed in Mozambique has consistently improved in recent years. It ranks 167th with an upload speed of 9.15 Mbps and a download speed of 10.53 Mbps.
Cost Of Renting
- The average cost of rent for a single person living in Mozambique is estimated to be $508 or 31,793 MT per month.
- The average cost of rent for a family of four persons living in Mozambique is estimated to be $826 or 51,695 MT per month.
Top Industries That Are Expected To Hire In Mozambique 2021
According to the government of Mozambique, a few of the country’s most significant and top industrial sectors that are expected to hire are as follows:
- Agricultural sector- Mozambique has a lot of natural resources available and produces a large variety of agricultural products. A major portion of the population is involved in the agriculture sector. The country produces beans, corn, cassava, rice, and a variety of oilseeds and vegetables.
- Manufacturing and industrial sector- Mozambique’s natural sources include gas, coal, excellent iron ore, bauxite, gold, graphite, marble, and the rare mineral tantalite. The manufacturing and business region contributes to 22.9% of Mozambique's GDP and employs 9% of the lively population.
- The service is also growing consistently with annual growth of approximately 40%.
- Tourism is the main industry and is performing with full potential.
In 2020, due to the Covid-19 pandemic, significant disruptions were caused. This impacted many sectors which include agriculture, transport, manufacturing, and communications sectors. However, the above-mentioned sectors are growing again at a rapid pace.
Top Skills In Mozambique 2021
Skilled workers are the key factor for a country’s future prosperity as they contribute to strong economic growth, which in turn creates more jobs and employment. Therefore, the demand for highly skilled professional workers is constantly growing, as opposed to lower-skilled jobs. The top in-demand skills in Mozambique in 2021 are as follows:
- Artificial Intelligence
- Virtualization and cloud
- Project and data management
- Finance services
- Bank manager
- Communication skills
- Critical thinking
- Human resource management
- Data analyst
- Digital marketing
- Public relations
- Content strategist
- Legal adviser
- Corporate assistant
- Marketing manager
- Investment analyst
Top Skills City-Wise In Mozambique
The top skills in various cities in Mozambique are as follows:
Maputo: Maputo is the largest city in Mozambique. The top skills in Maputo are-
- Program manager
- Business strategy associate
- Sales assistant
- Marketing manager
- Software engineer
- Web developer
- Financial accountant
- Administrative assistant
- Business development manager
- UX/UI designer
- Technical advisor
- Project director
- Marketing manager
- Network marketing
Hiring Cost In Mozambique
Hiring employees always comes with costs that are likely to differ from location to location. In Mozambique, the cost of labor is relatively low compared to other countries. The cost of hiring in Mozambique includes:
- Recruitment expenses
- Training costs
- Hiring lawyers and accountants for taxes
- Setting up a business entity in Mozambique
- Screening checks
- Publishing job advertisements on networking sites
- Hiring a translator
- Employing HR staff to handle hiring in Mozambique
- Paying a third party for background checking
- Opportunity costs
Salary Structure For Various Industries In Mozambique
The salary structure may vary among different industries and job categories. The monthly salary structure for various industries in Mozambique are as follows:
- Administration- 37,636 MT
- Agriculture and Food Industry- 35,175 MT
- Arts and Culture- 39,185 MT
- Banking- 55,995 MT
- Car Industry- 45,120 MT
- Chemical Industry- 45,709 MT
- Commerce- 44,553 MT
- Construction and Real Estate- 49,188 MT
- Finance and Accountancy- 52,350 MT
- Education and Research- 41,463 MT
- Power, Electrical Engineering- 48,200 MT
- Human Resources- 52,194 MT
- Information Technology- 68,840 MT
- Journalism- 41,367 MT
- Law and Legislation- 56,534 MT
- Management- 72,726 MT
- Marketing, PR, and Advertising- 50,669 MT
- Mechanical Engineering- 46,381 MT
- Medicine- 39,466 MT
- Mining and Metallurgy- 48,531 MT
- Pharmaceutical Industry- 52,520 MT
- Production- 42,295 MT
- Public Administration- 47,049 MT
- Service Industries- 34,073 MT
- Technology and Development- 62,459 MT
- Telecommunications- 55,353 MT
- Textile and Leather Industry- 28,660 MT
- Top Management- 108,699 MT
- Tourism and Hotel Business- 34,643 MT
- Translating- 44,363 MT
- Transport and Logistics- 38,569 MT
- Forestry and Environment- 43,875 MT
Employment Laws In Mozambique
- The Labour Law of Mozambique provides that the normal working hours cannot exceed 8 hours per day and 48 hours per week.
- Employment contracts in Mozambique should be in writing except for fixed-term employment contracts.
- The maximum number of hours that an employee can work per day may be increased to 9 hours only if the employer grants him/her an additional half day's rest per week.
- Wages should be paid based on actual time spent at work and be paid regularly, on weekly, monthly, or fortnightly intervals.
- Employers should keep records of the relevant pay slips or payroll lists. Taxes and social security payment forms should also be kept on file.
How Can Skuad Help You In Hiring In Mozambique?
Hiring in Mozambique is a multi-faceted task requiring in-depth knowledge of the laws, trends, hiring costs, living costs city-wise, and more. Skuad comes onboard as a one-stop solution handling every minute aspect of recruitment. It gives you the freedom and time to focus on your project and expansion plans without any hiring stresses. Connect with Skuad experts to know more.