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Hire in Djibouti

Hire in Djibouti

Djibouti is officially known as Djibouti, is a small country situated in the Horn of Africa. It is a country that has been recently updated to a lower-middle-income country. Despite a small population, the country’s unemployment rate is quite high, around 10.32% in 2020. The country is the perfect location for history lovers and is often called a little piece of heaven for nature. The most peaceful communities in the world live here, and the country has mountains on one side and sea on another side which adds beauty to Djibouti.

There have been developments happening in the agricultural and industrial sectors of the country. One of the economic assets of the country is its place that links the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The economic growth of the country is at a moderate rate and still faces many challenges. There has been a significant improvement in macroeconomic stability.

Overview of Djibouti

Djibouti has a lower-middle-income economy and does not have high GDP (Gross Domestic Product). The economy is heavily dominated by the service sector with a major share of 76.1%, followed by the industrial sector with 21% and by the agricultural sector with only 2.8%. A huge percentage of the labour force is employed in the service sector of the country.

Total population - 1.11 million

GDP – US $3.41 billion (FY 20)

Economic Overview

The GDP growth rate of the country has been decreased by 1.5% in 2020 and is expected to rebound to 9.2% in 2021 and then again fall back to 8% in 2022 to 2025. The unemployment rate in the country is very high despite the small population and faces many economic challenges. The decrease in the unemployment rate can be expected at a very slow pace.

Market Size

The country has been recently updated to a lower-middle-income economy and is a small country. It has been improving economically but at a small pace. The economy of the country has been largely dependent on the service sector due to less agricultural and industrial activities. The other main industries are fishing, port services, and tourism industries.

A brief glimpse of the industries

  • The service industry is the major industry of the country due to the less agricultural and industrial activities. The location that links the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden is one of the main economic assets of the country. The country’s port service contributes to the economy. The service sector accounts for around 76% of the country’s GDP. There are job opportunities in this sector.
  • The fishing industry has been developing in the country over the years. It is the only sector that is not affected by climatic changes. There is huge potential for this industry in the coming years as it remains unchanged. There is no large-scale production in fisheries. The country also exports fish to European Union markets.
  • Another major fast-growing sector in Djibouti is the tourism sector. Most of the visitors are from France and other European countries. The country has many tourist attractions and generates considerable revenue for Djibouti’s economy. The development of the tourism industry can turn these industries to a higher level.

Cost of Living

The country is ranked the 60th costliest nation in the world and the most expensive country in Africa. The commodities and facilities are costly compared to other countries on the African continent. The following table depicts the average cost of living in Djibouti in 2021.

Category Area of expense Cost estimated
Utilities Electricity, Water, Heating, Internet services, Prepaid mobile tariff US $359
Rental rates

Apartment (1 room) in city and outside city,

Apartment (3 rooms) in the city and outside the city.

US $602

US $1,324

Transportation Cost One-way ticket local transport, monthly pass, Taxi tariff, Gasoline. US $9
Food and Beverage Grocery, Vegetables, Meat and Poultry, restaurant food, etc. US $54
Salaries and Financing Average monthly net salary US $855

Cost of Renting

The cost of renting in the country may vary depending upon various factors like location, size and quality of lifestyle and facilities. A one-bedroom apartment costs you around US $602, and the rent of the three-bedroom apartment is around US $1,324. This may change depending upon the improved facilities. The top sectors that are expected to hire in Djibouti in the year 2021 are: -

S. No. Top Industries Looking to Hire
1 Port services
2 Fishing
3 Tourism
4 Commerce
5 Science and Technology
6 Exports
7 Agriculture
8 Trade

Top skills in Djibouti

The economy of Djibouti is a lower-middle-income economy. The country is in lack skilled labor. There are opportunities in different sectors of the country. From IT professionals to customer service specialists, there are openings for expats in the country. Djibouti hires people with required hard skills and soft skills.

Major skills and areas which have witnessed a recent growth rate

  • IT
  • Construction
  • Tourism
  • Mining
  • Fishing
  • Financial

Top skills city-wise occupation-wise

  • Djibouti: - It is the capital of Djibouti and has a large population in the country. The city has the largest telecommunication company in Djibouti. It is the financial centre of the country with many industries like tourism, construction, import and export, banking, and tourism. The city also has many prominent hotel establishments in the country.
  • Ali Sabieh: - It is the second-largest city in the country. The economy of the city depends on the industries like agriculture, tourism, trade, and transports. The tourism industry is developing at a fast pace. There are openings in the city for enthusiastic job seekers.
  • Dikhil: - It is a town situated on the western side of Djibouti. It is the administrative hub of the Dikhil region. The local economy of the city relies heavily on agriculture and farming. It also acts as a commercial transit point between Ethiopia and Djibouti City. The tourism sector is also relevant in the city.

Hiring Cost

The employee recruitment process is a time consuming and tiring process. Employers should be prepared to meet the expenses of hiring. There are certain factors involved in the cost of hiring. Some of them are: -

  • Onboarding and training expenses
  • Orientation cost
  • Hiring procedures
  • Time invested

Salary structure for various roles

The table below depicts the average salaries that are offered to employees in Djibouti according to different sectors: -

Jobs Salary (US $)
Operations manager US $30,296
Product manager US $25,968
IT manager US $29,284
Accountant US $12,984
Data Scientist US $28,385
Chemical Engineer US $17,930
Mechanical Engineer US $17,818
Fashion Designer US $15,288
Content Marketing US $20,852
Graphic Designer US $11,916
Administrative Assistant US $ 9,723
Dentist US $ 41,874

Employment Laws in Djibouti

The employment system of Djibouti is regulated. It provides basic benefits to the employees and bonuses too. The factors like working hours, wages and termination depend upon different industries. National Labour Law in Djibouti regulates the following aspects: -

  • 47 working hours per week
  • No minimum wages
  • Paid and unpaid leaves; paternity/maternity leave, vacation
  • Employee protection
  • Anti-discrimination
  • Security Laws

How Can Skuad Help You with Hiring in Djibouti?

Conducting recruitments in Djibouti can be a long-drawn process that requires expert knowledge of the local rules and regulations. With guidance from experienced consultants at Skuad, all the complex steps involved in the hiring process in Djibouti are taken care of. This enables you to avail of significant savings in terms of resources and time. Connect with Skuad Experts to know more.

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