Hire in Mauritania

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Mauritania is the 28th largest country globally and follows a traditional economic system where most people depend upon agriculture and livestock for their livelihood. Even though the population is 4.3 million, the unemployment rate in 2020 was 10.66 % which is quite high for a developing country. The country is rich in deposits of iron ore which contributes heavily to the country’s total exports. Other mineral commodities include gold, copper, and other metals. The economy is dominated by the industrial sector even though the labor force is largely engaged in the agricultural sector.

The country welcomes enthusiastic job seekers with the required hard skills and soft skills. It is one of the good countries to live in Africa to maintain a peaceful lifestyle and enjoy good facilities and infrastructure. The country also has a large coastline that provides access to abundant fishing areas that offer livelihood to many local fishermen.

Overview of Mauritania

Mauritania is the 152nd largest economy in the world according to the nominal GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in the year 2020. The industrial sector rules the economy with a share of 48% and then followed by the service sector with 37.1 %, and then by the agricultural sector with a share of 14.9 %. The agricultural sector employs around 50% of the labor force, followed by the service sector with 48 %.

Total population - 4.3 million

GDP - US $7.78 billion (FY20)

Economic Overview

The GDP growth rate has decreased by 2.16 % in 2020 and reached a US $7.78 billion valuation. The rate is expected to grow by 3 - 5 % in the coming years. The unemployment rate in 2020 is high and is expected to increase in the next year, and it will take time to reduce the rate.

Market Size

Mauritania has a traditional economic system where most people depend upon livestock and agriculture for a living. The industrial sector rules the Mauritanian economy. The main industries include agriculture, mining, and petroleum, copper, and exports. The majority of the labor force works in the agricultural sector.

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A brief glimpse of the industries

  • Mining is one of the major industries in the country. The mining industry is dominated by the mining of iron ore and beneficiation. Iron ore contributes about 38% of the total exports of the country. Other main mineral products include copper, gold, salt and petroleum. 
  • Another major industry is the petroleum industry. Many companies own oil fields in the country, which opens different job openings. They are major exports as well. Different companies from the UK, China and others invest in the oil reserves of the country. There are opportunities for job seekers in this sector. 
  • Agriculture is another industry where most of the local population is employed. Livestock is a major source of income for people living in rural areas. A majority per cent of the labor force works in the agricultural industry even though it has a poor agricultural base. Around 50% of the country’s labor force are employed in this sector.

Cost of living in Mauritania

The country is a continuous surprise and has majestic sceneries. It is a peaceful place to live in with good services and infrastructures which have been improving recently. Nouakchott is one of the least expensive cities to live in the world.

The following table depicts the average cost of living in Mauritania in 2021


Area of expense

Cost estimated


Electricity, Water, Heating, Internet services, Prepaid mobile tariff

US $237

Rental Rates

Apartment (1 room) in city and outside city,

Apartment (2-3 rooms) In the city and outside the city.

US $294

US $550

Transportation Cost

One way ticket, local transport, Taxi tariff, Gasoline.

US $0.56

Food and Beverage

Grocery, Vegetables, Meat and Poultry

US $240

Salaries and Financing

Average monthly net salary

US $1,661

Salary structure for various roles

The table below depicts the average salaries that are offered to employees in Mauritania according to different sectors: -

Jobs Salary (US $)
Chemical Engineer US $15,227
Fashion Designer US $6,500
Executive Assistant US $4,112
Accountant US $4,486
Dentist US $16,002
Industrial Engineer US $5,510
Operations Manager US $11,240
Mechanical Engineer US $6,202
Product Manager US $9,054
Content Marketing US $9,191
Graphic Designer US $4,153
IT Manager US $11,378
Data Scientist US $10,825

Cost of Renting in Mauritania

The cost of renting in Mauritania depends upon the size and the location of the house. One-bedroom apartment may cost you around $294, and a three-bedroom apartment will cost you around $550. The rate may vary depending upon the region. When the lifestyle improves, the rate may also increase.

Cost of living depending upon your location

Cities (Cost of living) US $
Nouakchott US $744
Nouadhibou US $697
Rosso US $710

The top sectors that are expected to hire in 2021 in Mauritania are: -

S. No. Top Industries Looking to Hire
1 Agriculture
2 Mining
3 Fishing
4 Petroleum
5 Science and Technology
6 Exports
7 Manufacturing
8 Education

Top skills in Mauritania

A wide range of skills might help a person get a good career in Mauritania.  A person with good hard skills and soft skills can use the job opportunities in the country. From doctors and lawyers to teachers and software developers, there is a big door of opportunities waiting for enthusiastic job seekers in the country.

Major skills and areas which have witnessed a recent growth rate

  • Mining
  • IT
  • Healthcare
  • Language
  • Science and Technology

Top skills city-wise occupation-wise

Each city has their quality, and the growth of certain industries may vary depending upon the region

  • Nouakchott – It is the largest city and the capital of Mauritania. The city is the economic and administrative centre of the country. It is also the hub of the Mauritanian economy. The city is a little overcrowded as it is home to busy seaports and other major industries. The main industries include transport, education, and agriculture. There are lots of job openings in the city.
  • Nouadhibou- It is the second-largest city in the country. The major industries are the iron ore processing industry and fishing. There are job opportunities for enthusiastic job seekers.
  • Rosso – It is one of the major cities of Mauritania. The industries include science and technology, education, and international relations. The place also has major attractions for recreation.

Hiring Cost

Hiring an employee is not an easy task. It requires a lot of time and effort, and it can be tiring at times. The cost of hiring may depend upon a variety of factors, and the employer should meet the cost of hiring. Some of the factors include:

  • Onboarding expenses and hiring steps
  • Training expenses
  • Orientation costs
  • Time involved

Employment Laws in Mauritania

The employment system of Mauritania is proper and regulated. Factors such as work hours, penalty rates, and overtime payment vary according to the industries. Law no 2004-015, defines the Mauritanian work legislation. It recognizes two types of contracts: fixed-term contracts and non-fixed term contracts. It lays on certain conditions such as: -

  • Maximum 40 working hours a week
  • Minimum wage
  • Paid and unpaid leave; maternity leave
  • Working contracts
  • Discrimination protection

How Can Skuad Help You with Hiring in Mauritania?

In the wake of increasing industrial competition in Mauritania, your focus should be on retaining the competitive edge. By engaging in a lengthy and costly recruitment process, you will end up spending more than you ought to. Skuad offers to streamline your hiring process with the help of experienced consultants. Connect with Skuad Experts to know more.

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