Employer of Record in Haiti
Skuad’s Haiti Employer of Record (EOR) solution is perfect for companies looking to expand into Haiti without setting up an entity.
Skuad’s EOR services are the way to go if you’re looking to grow your business in Haiti. An EOR is a third-party entity that recruits and pays employees on behalf of another company and handles all official employment duties. Skuad’s global human resource (HR) platform enables you to expedite onboarding remote teams, managing their payroll, probation, termination, and taxation, and ensuring compliance with the local laws. Talk to Skuad experts today to learn more!
Haiti at a Glance
Population: 11.47 million people (2021)
Currency: Haitian gourde (HTG)
Languages spoken: Haitian Creole and French
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): USD 14.33 billion (2019)
GDP growth: 1% (2021)
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Employment in Haiti
Haiti’s Labor Code, 1961 was amended in March 1984 to bring it in line with the norms of the International Labor Organization (ILO). The Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI—see Appendix B) adopted by the United States Congress in 1983 made compliance with ILO criteria a requirement for certification.
In the 1980s, organized labor was dominated by three main trade unions. The Federation of Union Workers (Fédération des Ouvriers Syndiqués—FOS) was the most recent of the three. The FOS was connected with the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) and the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions in Brussels.
Here are some of the rights and benefits of employees in Haiti.
||The standard workweek is 48 hours (or eight hours each day) spread out over six days. During the week, employees are entitled to a continuous rest time of 24 hours. The maximum amount of overtime permitted is two hours per day, 80 hours per quarter, or 320 hours per year.
Individuals aged 14 and above may undertake an apprenticeship to work in return for training and 40% of the legal minimum daily salary. Apprentices must pass a medical exam.
||Any work done outside the statutory working hours is considered overtime. Overtime pay is 50% over the basic hourly wage, calculated per hour. |
Overtime work is capped at 80 hours (in a quarter).
|Paid Public Holidays
||The following public holidays are observed in Haiti
- Independence Day
- Founders Day
- Mardi Gras
- Ash Wednesday
- Good Friday
- Labor and Agricultural Day
- Flag and University Day
- Ascension Day
- Corpus Christi
- Assumption Day
- Anniversary of JJ Dessalines’ Death
- All Saints’ Day
- All Souls’ Day
- Vertières Battle Day
- Christmas Day
||On national holidays, Haitian workers are entitled to full pay. Employees in Haiti are entitled to 15 days of paid leave, including 13 working days and two Sundays, in addition to public holidays. Vacation days cannot be added together.
After one year of work, employees are entitled to 15 days of paid sick leave every year. Employees with less than a year of service are eligible for a prorated number of sick days. A medical certificate is required for all employees availing the same.
Female employees are entitled to 12 weeks of maternity leave, six weeks before and six weeks after the birth of their child.
Maternity leave is extended if the baby is born after the given due date, allowing for a total of six weeks off following the delivery.
While on maternity leave, female employees are paid 100% of their pay through the Office of Workers’ Compensation Insurance and Maternity and Sickness (OFATMA). Employees on maternity leave cannot be fired, except on grounds of misconduct.
The Office of Occupational, Sickness, and Maternity provides health care to its residents through social security (OFATMA).
|Employee protection and anti-discrimination rights
||Discrimination is defined as any differentiation, exclusion, or preference based on race, color, sex, religion, political opinion, national ancestry, or social origin that results in the destruction or alteration of equal opportunities or treatment in work or profession, under Convention 111.
According to the Labor Code, all employees are treated equally before the law and are entitled to the same protections and guarantees.
To learn more about Haiti’s employment policies to ensure your expansion efforts fall within the legal requirements, book a demo with Skuad experts today.
Contractor vs Full-time Employees
Contract workers are more prevalent than full-time employees in Haiti. To design an agreement that fits your recruiting needs as an employer, you may choose from three types of employment contracts.
- Fixed-term or temporary contract: Before signing the contract, the employer and the candidate will agree on the length of their work. When the contract ends, the employer has the option of renewing it for a certain period or permanently.
- Permanent or open-ended contract: This is a contract for long-term work. Either party has the right to discontinue employment at any time. If you extend a temporary employee’s contract for an unlimited period, it becomes an open-ended contract with extra-legal advantages and benefits.
- Apprenticeship contract: It specifies an arrangement in which a contractor conducts labor for a firm while another person offers professional training in a trade or occupation. Apprenticeship contracts must be written and registered with the Manpower Directorate, who will decide the apprenticeship’s duration. Apprentices must be 14 years old or older and earn at least 40% of the minimum salary.
Whether your organization requires contractors, full-time employees, or apprentices, Skuad’s Haiti EOR solution can cater to all your hiring requirements. Learn more by talking to Skuad experts.
Hiring in Haiti
While there are certain differences to be aware of, the process of finding and hiring personnel in Haiti can be similar to that in your home nation. Effectively hiring an international workforce involves the following steps.
1. Recruiting candidates
The recruiting process begins by creating a detailed job description that provides a clear image of the job to the candidates. A good job description should include information such as,
- An overview of the duties
- Relevant skills
- Education, training, or experience required
Here are some popular job posting websites for Haiti.
2. Conducting interviews with the candidates and selecting an employee
After you’ve received applications, you will need to sift through the potential candidates through interviews. The onboarding process establishes the tone for a new employee’s engagement with your organization.
Hiring Through Skuad’s EOR Services for Haiti
The do-it-yourself technique of incorporation, registration, and operating a local payroll may be useful if a firm has ties with a nation. However, for many businesses that are just entering a new market or have limited HR resources, an EOR solution might be a great option.
Skuad’s Haiti EOR solution makes overseas employment straightforward for businesses of all sizes. Because it complies with all host country rules, it is equally successful for both residents and ex-pats. When an EOR solution is accessible in nearly any country, there is no need to risk breaking labor, tax, or employment rules. Talk to Skuad to know more.
Probation & Termination
Termination of Employment
Employment can be ended in the following circumstances.
- By mutual consent
- By the employer (with or without cause)
- By the employee, after a fixed-term contract empires
- As a matter of law, such as upon the death of the employee
Employers can fire an employee without notice for threatening or abusive behavior, property damage, being absent without prior authorization for three or more days in a month, failing to follow accident prevention measures, imprisonment for more than one month, lying about their qualifications, or breach of contract. Employers must notify the Labor Department and explain why such employees are being fired. If a disagreement arises, the Labor Department will investigate the termination and refer the matter to arbitration. Damages and compensation may be awarded if the termination is determined to be unlawful.
An employment contract can also be ended without notice by mutual consent. If the job contract is in writing, the mutual agreement must also be in writing. If the employment contract is verbal, approval to terminate may be given in writing or verbally in the presence of two witnesses.
During the probation period, employees may be fired without cause.
Employers must have a legal basis to terminate employment under a legitimate employment contract. Employment contracts can be lawfully terminated for the following reasons.
- An employee attacks or verbally threatens others at the workplace, damages company property, or causes significant disruptions,
- An employee skips work without cause or permission four times in a month or for three days in a row,
- An employee refuses to comply with safety measures or other procedures after receiving one written warning or two verbal warnings,
- An employee who has worked for less than four months is ineligible to undertake operations for which they have forged references or certificates,
- An employee is sentenced to more than one month in prison, or
- A contract is contravened by an employee.
To ensure your expansion endeavors adhere to the laws regarding termination of service in Haiti, talk to Skuad experts and book a demo today.
EOR Solution in Haiti
The Employers of Record (EOR) model is a smart solution for companies seeking to enter and expand in Haiti fast and agilely. With the help of Skuad's Employer of Record solution, business entities abroad can quickly source and hire the right professionals as per the organization's requirements. Hired employees get onboard seamlessly, helping your business save up a huge percentage of hiring and onboarding costs. Skuad’s End-to-end solutions help manage employment contracts, process payroll and income tax, blend statutory benefits, and manage overall administration of the backend HR processes. Our platform works as a unified employment platform with automated workflows, digital signatures, employee payroll, contractor payout, and all types of compliance solutions. Book a demo today
Payroll Outsourcing in Haiti through an Employer of Record
Skuad’s Haiti EOR services simplify compliance and shoulder the burden of HR tasks for expansion. Skuad serves as your in-country entity, allowing your firm to employ internationally without having to set up a subsidiary. Furthermore, we have an integrated, high-tech global HR platform to hire and onboard employees and manage their payroll, taxes, termination, and compensation.
Skuad's experienced team of experts ensures full compliance with the local laws. Talk to us to learn more.
Types of Visas in Haiti
Citizens of most other countries visiting Haiti do not require visas. They can stay in Haiti for up to three months, provided their passports are valid for at least six months.
A visa is required for people who belong to the following countries.
- Dominican Republic
The visa requirements for the aforementioned countries are,
- A filled and signed application form
- Two passport-size photographs
- A letter stating the duration and reason for stay
- Details of the hotel where the applicant will be staying, or otherwise, details of the Haitian residents with whom the applicant will be staying
- A valid passport copy
- Travel booking details and photocopies
- A letter from the applicant’s current place of employment
However, for long-term stay, resident and work permits are required. To know more, get in touch with Skuad experts.
Employees who wish to work using a non-Haitian travel document must first get a work permit. This requirement applies to non-citizens who wish to work in Haiti, including businesspeople, instructors, students, and other non-citizens. They can apply for a work permit at the Ministry of Social Affairs (Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs).
Employees must apply for a residence permit in addition to a work permit if,
- They are at least 21 years old
- They have a non-Haitian travel document with them when they enter the nation
- They will be in Haiti for more than three months
The Direction de l'Immigration (Department of Immigration) in downtown Port-au-Prince is where applicants must apply for their residence permits.
An employee must gather the following documents to obtain a permit in Haiti.
- The completed and signed application form
- Two full-color passport pictures
- A letter outlining the rationale for their visit as well as any in-country recommendations
- Their current address and contact details
- A valid passport or other travel documents
- A letter from the employer
Non-nationals must apply for their work permit directly with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. A work visa generally takes two to six months to process. Failure to provide any of the essential documents may cause the procedure to be delayed or result in a rejection.
A work permit is valid for one year, and an employee can renew it up to five times in a row. A work permit holder’s permission to work in Haiti might be revoked under specific situations. If an employee fails to meet the requirements of their job or loses certificates or other paperwork that qualifies them for employment, the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs can cancel their work permit.
To know more about work permits in Haiti and how Skuad can secure them for you, speak to our experts today and kick-start your expansion.
Payroll & Taxes in Haiti
Payroll in Haiti
When you recruit a worldwide workforce, you have a few options for remunerating your personnel. You can set up payroll in Haiti in one of the following ways.
Remote: Delegating global payroll to your parent company’s in-house personnel is more cost-effective. Keep in mind that handling complex payroll on your own puts a huge administrative load on your team. Additionally, you must keep track of all payroll obligations or risk suffering penalties.
Payroll processing firm: If your company has a subsidiary in the nation, you may engage a payroll processing company to handle your salary. In principle, this solution relieves the burden of compliance, but any breaches or errors will still be your company’s responsibility.
Internal: Payroll can also be handled by a subsidiary’s internal workforce. Building your own payroll facilities takes time and money, and it is more expensive than alternative solutions.
Global EOR service: Working with an EOR service places your staff on the EOR’s payroll. Your workers’ wages will be covered by the EOR’s monthly invoice, and all compliance is managed by the EOR on your behalf.
Employers must register employees with the Office of Occupational Accident Insurance, Sickness, and Maternity (OFATMA) and the National Office of Old Age for insurance and social security, regardless of the payroll management method they use. In addition, recruits who relocate for the job must apply for a work visa with the Manpower Directorate.
Setting up your business organization might take many months if you opt to manage payroll internally. Choosing a payroll processing business in Haiti can take some time as well because you’ll still be responsible for the compliance.
Working with Skuad for your company’s payroll needs is a cost-effective and risk-free outsourcing solution. Skuad’s services are supported by a top-notch staff who will handle such responsibilities on your behalf, leaving you to focus on the growth of your business. Contact us today to learn more.
Taxes in Haiti
The personal income tax rates in Haiti are as follows.
|HTG 1.00 to 60,000.00
|HTG 60,001.00 to 240,000.00
|HTG 240,001.00 to 480,000.00
|HTG 480,001.00 to 1,000,000.00
|More than HTG 1,000,000.00
Other taxes are as follows.
To understand how payroll and taxes are managed in Haiti and expedite your expansion process, talk to Skuad experts.
Incorporation: How to Set Up a Subsidiary in Haiti
Entrepreneurs, both domestic and foreign, who want to start a business in Haiti have a variety of choices.
- Sole Proprietorship
- Registered Partnership
- Limited Liability Company
- A subsidiary of a foreign company
For international investors to establish a subsidiary in Haiti, the subsidiary should be registered with the Ministry of Commerce and Industry’s registry and with all of Haiti’s key tax and social agencies. To establish a subsidiary, it is necessary to engage a lawyer to handle all aspects of the company’s registration.
To incorporate a subsidiary of your business in Haiti, you will need to legalize your company’s bylaws and supply a French copy as well. To legitimize your bylaws, you’ll need the Secretary of State’s seal, which you may get from a Haitian Consulate. After receiving this authorization, you must send those papers to your EOR provider to begin the registration procedure.
The EOR will get it notarized by a Public Notary. The EOR will send the statutes to the MIC (Ministry of Commerce and Industry) once they have been notarized.
When the MIC registration is complete, the Statutes are forwarded to the Monitor (Official Gazette) for publication, and the business receives its Authorization to Operate certificate. The EOR firm will handle the entire procedure if you provide the necessary documentation, as follows.
- Bylaws that have been legalized
- A copy of the shareholders’ identification card (Passport)
Within 15 days after opening, the business must register with (OFATMA) for worker’s health and accident insurance. Additionally, the business also needs to register with the Retirement Insurance Office (ONA).
There are several business opportunities in Haiti. However, it is essential to know the various laws for incorporation. Learn more about setting up a subsidiary in Haiti with Skuad’s tailor-made EOR solution.
Professional Employer Organization (PEO)
- A professional employer organization (PEO) is a co-employer utilized to hire the whole staff for a business. It assumes all HR-related responsibilities and shares an organization’s HR obligations and liabilities. It works for a firm with at least five to 10 employees and is registered in each country or state where its employees work.
- By taking on a portion of the organization’s duties, an EOR firm functions as a legal employer. EOR can be used for a fraction of the workforce and can handle only a piece of the HR responsibilities. It allows companies to migrate to another state or country without forming a separate legal entity. The EOR is in charge of worker’s compensation and unemployment claims.
As a company grows and expands across multiple regions, employment norms and regulations become increasingly intricate and diverse. When a company joins forces with a PEO, it must establish a legal presence in each state or country where it employs workers. However, an EOR service can operate without an entity set up.
Skuad’s integrated HR platform acts as an EOR solution. Hire Skuad’s EOR solution for Haiti to take care of all the compliance and HR-related tasks, from onboarding to training. Talk to us to know more.
Conclusion: What Gives Skuad’s Haiti Solutions an Edge?
Skuad provides essential worldwide EOR services that allow your firm to concentrate on its core business. Our staff manages mandatory responsibilities and navigates Haiti’s labor and employment laws on our unified, tech-enriched HR platform.
We have the legal resources and local knowledge to assist you with your expansion, and an extensive network in over 150 countries. Make a concerted effort to expand your business with your staff, and we’ll take care of the rest! Contact us today to avail yourself of our bespoke Haiti EOR solutions.