The digital era is catching up, and people who were hesitant to have an online presence before have come forward to creating their own space. All these developments have led to growth in the whole web sphere. And the webspace has become more complex, and developers have to be more aware of things. There are many people in the software and other domains to help a company strengthen their presence, but a Full Stack developer is gaining popularity.
Who is a Full Stack Developer?
It is 2021, and everyone wants to be versatile in their profession and work for better growth. But a Full Stack Developer position is truly a versatile one. He/She works in both the front and back ends of the application or website. They typically handle multiple tech stacks comprising an operation system, a server, a database, libraries, environment, frameworks, etc. And recently, more companies are preferring to hire Full Stack developers to cut down company's costs.
Important Tools for Full Stack Development
Being a Full Stack developer is no easy feat. They must be well-rounded in multiple arenas and have to apply it at the correct time. A Full Stack developer who has just begun the career might not be well versed in all the things listed below, but with more project experience, they have a well-rounded clarity on how things work.
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PHP: This open-source coding language is ideal for web development that can be embedded into HTML.
HTML5: It is the most common markup language of the website that helps in structuring and presenting content in the web world. It is cost-effective, and a single batch of code can be used across devices and platforms. It also makes the website lighter and creates a good user experience.
CSS3: It is a standard style sheet language that determines how a company's web pages are presented in terms of layout and formatting. This language offers flexibility to apply the same code to a bunch of HTML elements and has better styles than HTML.
SQL: Structural Query Language or SQL allows the developer to access and manipulate databases. Where the world thrives on data, this programming language can help retrieve the data.
Python: A high-level programming language that can be applied in different types of software and programming development. It is not restricted to the web alone.
Elixir: It is a dynamic functional language that helps the developer code in a short, concise, and maintainable manner. It is also perfect to be used during scalability.
TypeScript: Another open-source programming language that is developed and maintained by Microsoft. It is very object-oriented and great for developing for large applications. It can be used for both front-end and backend frameworks.
Ruby: Used in Rails application, this general-purpose language is in high demand for marketplace websites. Even companies like Twitter, Soundcloud, Goodreads started with Ruby.
Client Side/ Front-End Tools:
Angular.js: It is developed by Google and uses HTML as a base. It provides value addition and gives a dynamic view.
Foundation: It is present in the CSS framework family tree that helps create responsive UI for websites. It is flexible and also customizable.
Server-Side/Back End Tools
Ruby on Rails: It is an open-source server-side application. It is a robust framework that has influenced other languages as well.
Django: A python-based web framework used in server script. It reduces the amount of code to be written for an application.
ASP.net: It is an open-source and free framework to build web applications and services. It supports multiple platforms and is developed and maintained by Microsoft.
Version Control: These platforms help in managing the project files and also the history of useful things. Popular platforms include Git, GitHub, Subversion.
Web Hosting Platforms: These platforms let you position your product on the cloud service provider. Popular ones include the Google cloud platform, Amazon web services, Microsoft Azure, and Heroku.
Basic Designing Skills: The UI/UX is crucial and must be efficient to keep the users interested. Hence, the ability to create a small prototype can help the developer understand the process better.
Requirements - Hard skills
- Have an engineering degree along with MBA (although not mandatory)
- Have 3 to 6 years of experience in software engineering
- Work with dynamic and team of engineers and other team members like architects, QA, product management, and delivery to develop design and modules
- Have a good understanding of the full software development cycle
- Strong understanding and experience in programming languages such as Python, Ruby, Go-lang
- Hands-on experience on various types of databases such as SQL
- Design and implement different components, features of the web UI using front-end technologies, language, and frameworks
- In-depth knowledge of NodeJS, ExpressJS or Restify
- Connect backend API to the UI/UX components effectively
- Design reusable HTML/CSS/JS components for front-end
- Have experience in implementing applications using NodeJS and Angular
- Building highly available production services including deployment automation, monitoring, and scaling using AWS, ELB, ASG, Elastic Cache
- Consistently roll out new features, analyze, and scale-up using feedback
- Experience of responsive and mobile-first design platforms like Bootstrap
- Working knowledge of control tools
- Knowledge of version control systems like GIT
If you are a beginner, you will be working under someone to develop your overall skills in all areas and learn all aspects of development. Once you are a senior, there are many qualities you must possess to scale up.
- Be a team player and work with developers and engineer, developers, UX, delivery
- Be passionate about developing simple to complex problems
- Be a self-starter and show enthusiasm for new and innovative projects
- Review code and provide feedback to improve performance
- Have experience in developing both front-end and backend module architecture
- Designing user interaction on web pages
- Handling backend website interactions
- Experience in creating servers and databases
- Check the responsiveness of the applications
- Writing and executing development unit test cases
- Offering reliability in terms of correctness of code
- Ability to face customer and work on troubleshooting if needed
- Mentor people from various background
There has been a dip in the economy and job losses in the post-pandemic world. But, the need for full-stack developers is constantly on the rise. It is because from small businesses to the education industry, their services are required. One of the advantages is there are plenty of remote opportunities along with the full-time work-from-home options. Other perks include 401K, dental insurance, stock options, health savings account, paid sick time, relocation assistance, commuter assistance, and internet reimbursement.
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