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Employer of Record in Sudan

Updated on:
16 Jan, 2024
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Employer of Record in Sudan

Skuad’s Sudan EOR solution manages end-to-end hiring processes for organizations and helps organizations expand into Sudan. The unified employment platform enables companies to onboard professionals, manage their payroll, and understand the local protocols and processes. 

Skuad’s Employer of Record (EOR) Sudan service enables companies to expand their business operations in Sudan while eliminating the need for setting up a separate legal entity. With Skuad’s global human resource (HR) platform, companies can hire exceptional talent in Sudan without worrying about non-compliance with the local labor and employment laws. We streamline building a team and managing the payroll, taxation, and other legal formalities. It allows companies to focus on different aspects of the expansion of business in Sudan.

Talk to Skuad’s experts to learn more

Sudan at a Glance

Population : 43.8 million (2020)

Currency: Sudanese Pound

Capital City: Khartoum

Languages Spoken: Arabic, English

GDP: 5.93% (2020)

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Employment in Sudan

The distinction between the formal and informal sectors has blurred in Sudan over time. The formal sector in urban areas has languished, and migration into cities has expanded. One study in the 1990s estimated that the informal sector accounted for about half of total urban employment. The 1990 survey of 1,756 informal sector establishments by the Department of Economic Planning claimed that 43 percent were industrial, 18 percent commercial, and 12 percent maintenance and repair. At that time, half of the establishments got engineered in the last five years.

What You Must Know Before Employing in Sudan

Here are a few aspects of employment in Sudan.

Entitlements Explanation
Working Hours 48 hours in a week (6 days in a week)
8 hours in a day
Reduced Working Hours During Ramadan, the official working hours for employees are for six hours, from 8:00 am till 2:00 pm. For other workers, the working hours are from 7:30 am to 2 pm.
Public holidays The paid public holidays in Sudan are as follows:
  • Independence Day (1st January)
  • Coptic Christmas (7th January)
  • Coptic Easter (2nd May)
  • Eid-Ul-Fitr (13th May)
  • Eid Al Adha (20th July)
  • Islamic New Year (10th August)
  • Al-Mawlid (19th October)
  • Christmas Day (25th December)
Maternity Leave Female employees are entitled to 8 weeks of paid maternity leaves. During such a period, 100% of the salary gets paid by the employer. Maternity protection covers all women workers except civil servants, domestic servants, members of the armed forces, agricultural workers, casual workers, and family members of an employer.
In case a female employee is unable to resume working because of a medically certified illness. It will count her as being on sick leave if it is due to the pregnancy or delivery after her period of maternity leave.
Women are eligible to claim sick leave for the entire duration of the medically certified illness up to a maximum of 9 months. Any leave that the employee has accrued can be availed beyond this. Subsequently, the employee shall be on sick leave without pay. An examination is conducted by a medical committee to decide whether she is fit to work.
There is no provision of extending maternity leave unless the illness arises from pregnancy.
Sick Leave Employees can avail up to nine months of sick leave. The initial three months of leave get paid by the organization wherein they get paid the entire salary. After that, employees receive payment only partially. After nine (9) months, the leave is unpaid.
Remuneration The average salary in Sudan is SDG 4,38,000 per year.
Vacation Leaves Employees are entitled to an annual paid leave for 21 days (on completing 1-3 years of continuous service), 25 days (on completing 3-15 years of continuous service), and 30 days (on completing 15 or more years of service with the same employer).
Employees also have the option of encashing unused leaves.
When an employee has accumulated two years' worth of leaves, they can accept encashment worth half of the unused leaves.
If the employment gets terminated for any reason, the employee is entitled to compensation for all the days of annual leave not taken or paid out.
Leave for Travel Employees will be entitled to a paid trip to their hometown once a year.
Compensation & Benefits Employers are under no obligation to provide bonuses to employees; however, performance bonuses can be a part of their compensation package.
The employees can take additional hours in the afternoon or ten (10) hours in a week. The organization is obliged to pay 150% of the salary charge for overtime work on working days. If the employee is required to work overtime on a weekly holiday, they get paid 200% of the salary.
However, additional time is not relevant wherein people take leave instead of additional time.
Medical Insurance In Sudan, there are two kinds of health insurance - Social Health Insurance and Private Health Insurance. Organizations in the formal sector must contribute to the National Health Insurance Fund. In the informal sector, employees voluntarily contribute to the same. There are many private health insurance options as well, such as BUPA, Allianz, etc.
Employee health benefits Sudan include plans and policies related to the healthcare system in Sudan divided into three levels - Primary Health Care Units (PHCU), Hospitals (State, county, military, or police), and Primary Health Care Centres (PHCC).

To learn more about Sudan’s employment policies to ensure your expansion efforts fall within the legal requirements, book a demo with Skuad experts today. We can meet all your human resource (HR) needs while complying with the local laws.

Contractors vs. Full-Time Employees

Hiring and paying foreign employees via Skuad’s Employer of Record Sudan is about 30% cheaper than hiring in-house independent contractors. It saves about 50% of costs in hiring and paying through your entity. Through employment, employee loyalty grows by 49%, which has benefits in the long term. Official overseas employment gets rid of 95% of legal, financial, and enterprise risks. You can begin operations in South Sudan with one or more than one person without problems.

Employment Contracts in Sudan:

Writing of an Employment Contract

Employment contracts that exceed three months have to be set  in writing by the organization. Three copies of the contract of employment get drafted. Two copies shall be signed and retained by both the worker and the organization, whereas another extra copy gets forwarded to the agency of employment.

If there is no written contract signed between two parties, the employee can establish his right by any means of evidence acceptable to both parties.

Types and Regulations

An employment contract gets created for some time and for a specific job.

The employment contract for a certain period shall not be for more than two years and can get renewed to only one year with the same organization. A contract that does not mention the period or information about evaluating performance in a specific job role is considered for an unlimited period.

Contents of an Employment Contract

An employment contract is made in an explicit manner wherein the duties and roles of both parties are specified clearly. The employment contract must include the following things:

  • Employer’s name, organization's name, establishment's location, and address
  • Worker’s full name, address, birth date, and other necessary information confirming the identity and qualifications of the candidate
  • The nature of work defined in the contract for the employee, joining date, and its location 
  • The salary and the payment date
  • The notice period to be complied by in the case of contract termination
  • Other miscellaneous employment conditions
  • Bachelors and Masters degrees, work experience, and any other important documents

Termination date of the contract in a situation where the contract of employment is made for a definite period.

Creating employment contract templates form a part of Skuad’s all-inclusive EOR services so that the companies expanding into Sudan don’t need to draft separate agreements from scratch. To avail yourself of our services, get in touch with Skuad experts.

Hiring in Sudan

Employers do not have the time to spend on unqualified and inexperienced candidates. Hiring is a crucial part of any organization. Skuad’s Sudan EOR solutions help bridge the gap between new businesses and Sudan’s labor laws. There is a difference in the taxes, employment protocol, compensation, and benefits between formal and informal sectors. Skuad’s EOR solution in Sudan is a one-stop-shop for all organizations that want to set up a subsidiary in Sudan and hire local talent. Through our international EOR model and HR setup, employees get hired globally from over 200 countries.
Some of the popular job portals and hiring agencies in Sudan include SouthSudanJob.com, SudanCareers.com, and sudanjob.net. There are pros and cons of hiring through these portals. An advantage of hiring through these portals is that it is cost-effective; however, candidate information may be limited. Through Skuad, all the initial filtering gets performed to provide candidates as per the desired skill set.

Probation & Termination

The probation period in Sudan cannot exceed three months. When the contract of employment does not define a specific period. The probationary period lapses without getting terminated by one of the parties, and it is deemed that the contract was for an indefinite period.

An employment contract may be terminated due to various reasons. If an employee fails to deliver work and is not performing duties with due diligence, it could lead to the termination of their contract. Inability to return to work due to sickness can be another reason for dismissal. The contract can also be terminated due to the following reasons:

  • the termination of the job or the termination of the contract for a definite period
  • the destruction of the organization
  • the employee attaining the statutory retirement age of sixty unless the two parties agree otherwise and provided that the period of service is considered continuous
  • If the worker gets dismissed during their probationary period or if they do not work during that period
  • Termination of the contract of employment proposed as per the agreement between two parties
  • If the competent authority certifies the liquidation or dissolution of the organization
  • Employee's resignation
  • Employee's death

To ensure your expansion endeavors adhere to the laws regarding probation and termination in Sudan, book a demo with Skuad today.

EOR Solution in Sudan

Skuad’s Sudan Employer of Record (EOR) solution makes it convenient for organizations to expand their businesses into Sudan. Global expansion is crucial for many businesses. However, there is a fear in understanding the legal process and compliances of different countries. Skuad’s EOR solutions simplify global expansion and help organizations expand without requiring to set up a local entity by providing tailor-made options. Book a demo to know more by visiting Skuad’s website.

Types of Visas in Sudan

Business Visa

This visa is to visit Sudan for business, commercial events, or participation in exhibitions.

The validity of this visa is 30 days.

The processing time is about 3-4 days.

Documents Required

  • Visa application form
  • One passport-size photo
  • Sponsorship letter from the organization mentioning the purpose of visit, stay duration, financial responsibility, and references in Sudan
  • Original passport
  • Vaccination reports (recommended)
  • A fee of USD 150 payable to the Embassy of Sudan

Length of Visa

When applying for a Sudan visa, the travelers can select from the following options -

  • six (6) months multiple entry visa
  • three (3) months multiple entry visa
  • Single entry visa

Work Permits

A Sudanese work visa is mandatory to be eligible to work in the country. There are certain documents required to complete the entire application process. Employees will need to submit the following documents to obtain the work permit as part of the Sudan work visa requirements:

  • A valid passport
  • A copy of 12 months visa
  • An employment contract
  • An employer sponsor letter
  • Two copies of passport photo
  • Police Clearance certificate

The employer is bound to submit the following documents to the Ministry of Labor:

  • Tax Registration
  • Certificate of Incorporation
  • Operating License
  • Memorandum and Articles of Association

Securing work permits is an essential task of Skuad’s EOR services. Partner with us today to expedite your expansion in Sudan.
To learn more, book a demo.

Payroll & Taxes in Sudan

Payroll in Sudan

When establishing a business in a new country, there are various options for managing payroll. Some of these methods include:

  1. Remote Management: The organization’s accounting team can work from home and manage payrolls by remote management. Even though it does not require extensive resources, the team needs to understand the laws and processes to sidestep liability issues.
  2. Internal Department: If you are a registered subsidiary in the country, it is easy to establish an internal payroll department.
  3. Payroll Processing Company: A processing company will offer payroll expertise for complicated processes. However, your company is accountable for any mistake.
  4. Employer of Record: An EOR in Sudan can assist organizations with payroll options.

Learn more by logging onto Skuad’s website.

Taxation Laws in Sudan

While calculating the salary of employees is one step of the payroll process, deducting taxes is another crucial step. As per Sudanese income tax laws, five brackets are determining the amount to be taxed.

  • 0% for up to SDG 2,000
  • 5% for SDG 2,001 to 5,000
  • 10% for SDG 5,001 to 10,000
  • 15% for SDG 10,0001 to 15,000
  • 20% for SDG 15,0001 and more

Pension schemes may not be compulsory, but they get deducted from employees' salaries. According to the government-recognized retirement scheme, employees can have up to 8% pension deductions from their salaries.

Skuad’s hyper-localized EOR Sudan services make compliance with payroll and taxation requirements laws easy and stress-free.
Book a demo to learn more about Skuad

Incorporation: How to Set Up a Subsidiary in Sudan

In Sudan, China operates as a bilateral actor with a different view of development, particularly on externally directed political reform. Currently, there are plenty of investors and entrepreneurs from China setting up subsidiaries in South Sudan.

The setting up process of a subsidiary requires reserving the company name at the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Development. Three suitable names for your company are required to be submitted. The business registry will confirm after performing a search, and the decided name will have validity for 30 days.

The next step is to hire a lawyer to create the Memorandum and Articles of Association. The lawyer you employ should have a legitimate license to practice in South Sudan. Along with your Memorandum and Articles of Association, you will have to attach a duplicate of your passport. These materials should get posted with an appropriate application to the Business Registry.

Once the Registry approves your documents, you will get hold of a certificate of incorporation. You should give these certificates to the Government of Jubek State to achieve a running license. After these four(4) preliminary steps, registration is performed with a few different agencies to practice business.

You will want to use it for a buying and selling license with an appropriate payam (English Meaning: Message). Once you apply, the payam will inspect your enterprise premises. It is also mandatory to register with the Ministry of Finance for a tax identity number (TIN). Your enterprise must register with the Chamber of Commerce and the Ministry of Labor as well.

Even though companies can enjoy several benefits by setting up a separate legal entity in Sudan. The process takes a long time to complete and can entirely derail your expansion plans.

Skuad’s EOR services can fast-track your expansion process, allowing you to start your business operations in Sudan immediately. Right from recruiting the right employees to managing your payroll, Skuad’s EOR Sudan services will handle all the compliances for you so that you can commence business operations on time.
To learn more, book a demo with Skuad.

Professional Employer Organization (PEO)

There are several ways of using PEO and benefiting your business.

  • You are setting up a foreign entity and need to hire foreign employees.
  • There is a requirement to change the status of your workers from contractual to full-time employees.
  • You are looking for cost-effective solutions for your business.
  • Your contractual staff needs assistance with upgrading their status to full-time employees.
  • You require assistance with registering your new business in the country.

A PEO is best suited for providing payroll and HR benefits, including legal compliances for small to mid-sized organizations. An EOR can provide all the services that a PEO in Sudan and can hire employees on your behalf. It essentially means that you do not have to worry about anything, and the EOR will handle all employment-related regulatory compliances for you.

Simply put, a PEO is at best a co-employer while an EOR serves as a legal entity for your business. While you will be held liable for any disputes or compliance-related issues with a PEO, an EOR will shoulder the responsibility and ramifications of compliance and its associated concerns.

Skuad’s EOR solutions help companies seeking to expand their business internationally to do so without having to deal with the hassle and liability of complying with the local labor and employment laws.


Setting up business in a new country comes with multiple challenges. Skuad’s EOR Solution is a one-stop platform to seamlessly expand into Sudan hire and onboard the right talent, set up and manage payroll, understanding salaries, benefits, compensations, and taxation.

Our tech-enabled HR platform is a unified interface for recruitment, hiring, work permits, and other HR tasks. Further, we can expedite your expansion endeavors in full compliance with the local laws!
To commence your expansion in Sudan in a hassle-free manner, book a demo with Skuad experts today.

EOR in 
best value
Pay monthly at a discounted rate with a 12-month commitment
(billed annually)
G2 badge

Employ contractors and employees in 160+ countries

G2 badge
EOR in 
(billed annually)
Pay monthly at a discounted rate with a 12-month commitment
(billed monthly)
G2 badge

Employ contractors and employees in 160+ countries

G2 badge

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Employ contractors and employees in 160+ countries