Hire and Pay remote talent in 150+ countries with Skuad's global HR platform. Request a demo

back-arrow

Back to Hiring

Hire in Romania

Introduction

The country Romania derives its name from the Latin word “Romanus,” meaning “citizens of the Roman empire.” Romania is the largest country in Southeastern Europe and is one of the most workaholic countries in the world. Romania has the largest pure gold resources in all of Europe. The hard-working Romanian population has led to miracles, and the nation is home to many inventions. Romania is heaven for architects, sculptors, designers, and researchers.

According to macro trends reports, Romania has decreased the unemployment rate from 7.2% in 2011 to 3.9% in 2019 April, indicating a rapid economic growth every year. The nation’s top employable talent is looking for new jobs in manufacturing laborers, business markets, freight handlers, heavy truck drivers, teaching, and shop sales executives. Exports, service, eatery, lodging, machine manufacturing, transport, and textile industries are seeing the highest growth rate in the past ten years.

Overview of Romania

Population: 19.31 million

GDP: USD 247.20 billion (FY21)

Economic Overview: As per the world bank's reports, in the past two decades, Romania’s GDP per capita increased from 28% relative to the advanced economies to 58.6% in 2020. This 30-percentage-points increase makes it rank 5th in the world from 2000-2020. The world bank classified Romania's economy as a high-income country in 2019 when per capita income grew to USD 13000. The expert analysts have given a growth forecast of 1.1% between the 3rd and 4th quarters of 2021.

Market Size: The Romanian market is enough to accommodate all of its working-age population with sustainable jobs. The growth in the retail, e-commerce, IT, and service sectors is unmatchable. The predicted decrease in unemployment is a good sign for the absorption of the Romanian population seeking employment. Moreover, the connected nation has proven beneficial by addressing the talent gap caused by the pandemic.

A Brief Glimpse into the Industries

  • Romania is well-connected to other nations via sea and air routes, making it a major trading nation globally. Romania has one of the largest market shares for machine tools, almost 6%. Apart from this, Romania is actively looking for export opportunities in European and American markets.
  • The primary industries where Romania started to invest were crude oil, construction, mining, chemical, and telecommunication. Today, Romania is spending a lot on research and development, electronic goods, automobiles, the IT industry, and medical device manufacturing.
  • The manufacturing sector is the most rapidly growing sector contributing almost 28% of the entire GDP. Romania is a manufacturer of software, semiconductors, sculptors, and machine tools in the world. The government also aims to create new jobs in this sector for the population currently seeking employment.
  • The largest sector, the service sector that contributes almost 62% to the GDP, is yet to reach its optimal potential. The government is also working towards boosting the service sector and is keen to increase employment. This sector accounts for 73% of the Romanian workforce, which lags behind Japan, the U.S., and the UK.
  • Romania is the leader in Europe and is six largest globally in terms of IT specialists, with more than 100,000 specialists. Romania controls 5% of the offshore software development market, ranking 3rd in the world after China and India in terms of exports. 
  • The Romanian government has encouraged companies from time to time to increase employment and has made changes to the employment terms.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in a country depends on various factors such as which city the person lives in, the type of industry dominant in that area, state revenue, taxation policies, and much more. Location is one of the main factors that determine the cost of living. The following table gives an insight into the cost of living in Romania.

A Breakdown of the Average Cost of Living in Romania

Category Area of Expense Estimated Monthly Cost (USD)

Rental

Hostels, PGs, shared apartments, and single accommodation

$350 ~ $625

Food and beverage

Household groceries and house help

$210 ~ $420

Transport costs

Bus, train, and metro

$30 ~ $100

Utilities and miscellaneous

Water, electricity, gas, wi-fi, telephone

$100 ~ $180

Cost of Renting

The average cost of renting in Romania ranges from USD 300-500 per month, varying from city to city and choice of accommodation. The cost of living alone is higher than living in a shared living space.

Your Cost of Living in Romania Depends On Your Location

The cost of living varies significantly in different cities in Romania. There is a tier-wise bifurcation of cities, and the cost of living goes hierarchical with the tiers. Tier 1 cities have higher salaries; hence, they are more elevated in the cost of living. Tier 2 and tier 3 cities have different costs based on their respective economic status.

  • All the major metropolitan and big cities come under Tier-1 status. These cities have higher salaries and higher costs of living. For example, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, and Lasi.
  • Some cities are known as New Tier 1 towns.  These are emerging capital cities that have a very high rate of growth. Constanta, Craiova, and Brasov are some examples of new Tier 1 towns.
  • Tier 2 cities are the ones that are the capital cities of a province, or even almost all big cities with decent economic growth. Galati, Ploiești, and Oradea are a few examples of Tier 2 cities.
  • Lastly, the cities in the Tier 3 category are much smaller than the Tier 2 cities. These cities have low economic growth and lower cost of living.
Tier of the city Salary in (USD) Cost of Living in (USD) Rent in (USD)

Cities classified as Tier 1

$2,200~ $3,200

$600 ~$1,200

$380 ~ $650

Newer Tier 1 Cities

$1,500~$2,000

$500 ~ $1,000

$350~ $550

Tier 2

$1,400~$1,950

$400 ~ $850

$300 ~ $470

Tier 3

$1,000 ~ $1,450

$280 ~ $600

$250 ~ $350


The Top Sectors That Are Expected to Hire in Romania in 2021

No. Industrial Sector Job openings by broad occupational group, 2019-2030 in terms of hiring and revenue (in 000s)

1.

Technology

600

2.

Health

250

3.

Energy

300

4.

Media

280

5.

Consumer Retail

350

6.

Transportation

400

7.

Construction

420

8.

Hospitality

600

9.

Finance

350

10.

Real Estate

280

Top Skills in Romania

Romania is a nation that highly invests in skills for youth, making Romania a very dynamic job market. There are plenty of job opportunities at the entry-level for enterprising and ambitious freshers. Experienced and industry experts excel in senior-level positions.

Major industries hiring the most in Romania include:

  • IT, Research, and Technology
  • Vehicle Manufacturing
  • Health and Fitness
  • Mining and Transport
  • Transportation
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Chemicals
  • Telecommunication

Top Skills City-Wise and Occupation-Wise

Cities Top Skills in Demand

Bucharest and Lasi are major cities with the most English-speaking jobs. Bucharest is the financial capital of Romania, and most companies have their headquarters in this city.

  • Software Developers

  • Sales and Marketing

  • Public relations

  • Research and Development

  • Project Managers

  • Physicians

  • Machine Manufacturing

Constanta and Brașov

  • Exports

  • Manufacturing

  • Research and Development

  • Sales and Services

  • Physicians

  • Mining

  • Chemicals

Galati, Oradea

  • Manufacturing

  • Lawyers

  • Doctors

  • Professors

  • Bank managers

  • Clerk

Craiova, Galati

  • Food deliveries

  • Accountants

  • Academicians

  • Manufacturing

  • Hoteliers

  • Management professionals.

Sibiu, Brasov

  • Food Business

  • Hotel and tourism companies

  • Travel agencies

Cost of Hiring

Hiring Cost: The cost of hiring is an essential factor to consider while employing people. It depends on various other factors such as the cost of living in the city and overall expenditure in a city. When you go to hire someone in a particular city, several essential things affect the cost of hiring, such as:

  • Onboarding costs
  • Training
  • The cost incurred in taking interviews, conducting the screening process, and completing the hiring
  • Opportunity costs

Salary Structure for Various Roles

The following table reflects the average annual salary drawn by employees of various sectors in USD:

Working areas Average gross monthly salary by survey (in USD)

Agro and Food Industry

1200

Arts and Culture

1300

Banking

2400

Chemical Industry

1800

Construction and Real Estate

1700

Finance and Economics

2600

Education and R&D

2200

Engineering

2400

Journalism and Media

2400

Marketing and Advertising

2600

Technology and AI Development

3700

Telecommunications

2100

Textile, Apparel, and Shoe industry

1600

Tourism, Food, and Hotel Business

1450

Pharmaceutical Industry

2900

Medicine and Healthcare

5100

Legal Department

3800

IT Sector

2200

Employment Laws in Romania

Romanian employment legislation guarantees all major employer and employee benefits. These laws include, but are not limited to, the following regulatory areas:

  1. safety and health at work; 
  2. the framework for informing and consulting employees; 
  3. posting employees; 
  4. protecting Romanian citizens working abroad; 
  5. material benefits, such as coupons; 
  6. the general record of employees;
  7. gender equality in the workplace.

Conclusion: How Can Skuad Help You With Hiring in Romania?

Hiring in Romania is a multi-faceted task requiring in-depth knowledge of the laws, trends, hiring costs, living costs city-wise, and more. Skuad comes onboard as a one-stop solution handling every minute aspect of recruitment. It gives you the freedom and time to focus on your project and expansion plans without any hiring stress. Connect with Skuad to know more.

Start hiring for free today

Your next hire could be anywhere. Get your first hire for free in the first year when you partner with Skuad