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Hire in Afghanistan

Hire in Afghanistan

Afghanistan is one of the low-earning countries in the world and ranks 146th in the 2021 economic freedom list. The overall score of the nation is not above the world and Asia-Pacific regional average. Experts predicted that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the economy of Afghanistan might shrink by 5.0%.

Most of the employable nationals enter the job market with little or no education. The country has a huge population compared to the available job opportunities. Hence, Afghanistan is a good place for hiring employees. The nation is looking for new jobs in healthcare, finance, real estate, technical, management, and other related industries. The Asian Development Outlook (ADO) predicts a rebound of up to 3.0% in 2021 and 4.0% in 2022. Nearly 40% of the companies in Afghanistan report that they face a talent gap due to the unavailability of resources.

Overview of Afghanistan

Population:  33.7 million

GDP:  19.13 billion USD

Economic Overview

Afghanistan’s economy suffered a decline due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, various financial models and experts suggest that the economy will witness a rebound of 3% in 2021 and 4% in 2022. According to the Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2021, inflation is supposed to come down to 5% in 2021 from 5.6% in 2020.

Market Size

Frequent war and turmoil disrupted the country’s economy. It is difficult to present any definite data of Afghanistan’s demography. Most statistics and models use an average value/figure to predict and form various models. The country has one of the lowest GDP per capita and has lower exports than imports, resulting in a trade balance deficit. Most of the natural mineral resources of Afghanistan have not been tapped. The estimated growth in GDP is a good sign for companies looking to invest in Afghanistan. The high unemployment growth shows that the country looks forward to furthering industrialization. However, the country needs to set up vocational institutes and contribute more to education to bridge the existing talent gap.

A Brief Glimpse of Industries

  • Afghanistan holds unexploited mineral deposits estimated at 1 trillion USD. However, it is one of the most underdeveloped countries worldwide.
  • The unemployment rate is expected to reach 12.70% by the end of 2021. The same for 2020 was around 11.16%. The pandemic has highly contributed to this decline.
  • The country’s economy is fragile and depends largely on foreign aid. The war and conflicts have adversely affected the same.
  • Nearly 60% of households are involved in farming. Hence, the private sector is extremely under-developed (with only a 3% contribution to the GDP).
  • The country’s low economic freedom, restrictive property rights, widespread corruption, and inadequate infrastructure are the prime hindrances to the development and diversification of the private sector.
  • The inefficient and limited property rights hinder access to finance.
  • Foreign financial aid has led to rapid economic growth since 2002. However, after 2012, the growth slowed down and even reversed in some cases.
  • The modernization of the country’s agriculture sector and the establishment of trade routes helped boost the economy significantly.
  • The average Internet speed in Afghanistan is 7.26 Mbps. The average download speed is 0.60 Mbps, whereas the average upload speed is 1.49 Mbps.

Cost Of Living

Before a company extends its services and employment scenario to a country, the cost of living is significantly important. The cost of living index provides an idea of the average expenses of a person that is needed to survive in a specific country. This cost takes into consideration a variety of expenses, such as food, shelter, transportation, childcare, clothing, healthcare, entertainment, and miscellaneous expenses. Comparing the cost index before moving or expanding is a good idea. The price of a commodity or a service varies from place to place. Accounting for such expenses is necessary before any major decision.

For an idea of the average cost of living in Afghanistan, refer to the table below.

Cost of Living (USD) One Person Family of 4
Total with rent $375 $878
Without rent $223 $619
Rent and Utilities $152 $259
Food $139 $352
Transport $52.7 $143
Monthly Salary after Tax $247
GDP per Capita $521
Population 33.7M

Breakdown Of Average Living Expenses In Categories

From the data and statistics available, the estimated average cost of living in Afghanistan is USD 375 and is ranked 195th out of 197 nations based on the same.

Cost Of Renting

The average monthly renting cost for a 900 sq ft. furnished accommodation is USD 401.36. The renting cost may vary depending on the area. The estimated figure is 1.96 times less expensive than the world average. However, the estimated cost of living is higher than the average salary after taxes.

Top Skills In Afghanistan

Experts and analysts say that the economy of Afghanistan is dynamic and is a developing low-income economy. The country has followed the foundations of a traditional economy for decades. Due to the constant war and turmoil, Afghanistan’s economy has a high long-term economic risk. However, the economic risk is lower than other conflicted states, such as South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. The unemployment rate of Afghanistan is considered to be on the broader spectrum. According to the official data of the ministry of labor and social affairs, more than 1.8 million eligible workers in Afghanistan are unemployed. Thus, the country is open to industrialization, and companies can benefit from the situation. The major industries contributing to the GDP of Afghanistan are mentioned in the table below, along with their respective contribution to the GDP.

Industry GDP contribution
Agriculture 23% (FY17)
Import and Export 20% (FY20)
Manufacturing 8.7% (FY20)
Banking and Financial Services 25.1% (FY20)
Telecommunication 21.3% (FY20)
Public Administration, Defence, and Other Administration 26.6% (FY20)

Top Skills Based On the City and Occupation

Most of the notable companies of Afghanistan are located in the capital city of Kabul. The city hosts large companies in the finance, entertainment, telecommunication, airline, construction, production, publishing, and transportation sectors.

Most of the agricultural and trade activities of Afghanistan are based in Jalalabad. The location of the city and the connectivity are prime reasons for the same. Papermaking is a major contributor to the economy of Afghanistan, and most of it is based in Jalalabad.

Hiring Cost

It is wise to calculate the average hiring cost per employee before starting the process. It might seem that hiring does not have any additional costs. However, there are some major expenses tied to the process. Some companies have an in-house HR department, whereas others outsource the HR talent. The former can prove to be expensive. According to MIT Sloan’s research, an average company loses anywhere between 1% to 2.5% of its total revenue.

When this expense is charted and calculated, it amounts to a lot. Most companies prefer to spend the additional cost towards the company’s workings. Hence, they outsource their HR team from global firms like Skuad to handle the complete recruitment process.

Salary Structures For Various Industries In Afghanistan

The table below depicts the average salary a person can expect in Afghanistan based on their industry.

Job Title Average Salary (USD)
Accounting and Finance
Accountant 747.33
Accounting Assistant 585.64
Accounting Manager 1476.84
Bookkeeper 465.97
Chartered Accountant 906.47
Corporate Treasurer 1362.26
Financial Analyst 1269.32
Financial Manager 1960.63
Internal Auditor 943.39
Administration / Reception / Secretarial
Administrative Assistant 523.26
Office Manager 878.46
Receptionist 397.22
Secretary 455.78
Advertising / Graphic Design / Events
Art Director 1015.96
Creative Director 1022.33
Graphic Designer 654.39
Photographer 576.73
Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense
Aerospace Engineer 1336.79
Air Traffic Controller 1147.10
Flight Attendant 730.78
Pilot 1833.32
Architecture
Architect 1285.87
CAD Drafter 548.72
Automotive
Mechanic 371.76
Service Advisor 684.95
Banking
Bank Branch Manager 1947.90
Teller 378.12
Bilingual
Teacher 766.43
Translator 906.47
Business Planning
Business Analyst 1262.95
Business Development Manager 1629.62
Project Manager 1135.64
Caregiving and Child Care
Nanny 434.14
Nursery Teacher 388.31
Construction / Building / Installation
Civil Engineer 952.31
Construction Project Manager 1769.66
Health and Safety Officer 460.88
Customer Service and Call Center
Call Center Representative 373.03
Customer Service Manager 1349.53
Customer Service Representative 376.85
Engineering
Electrical Engineer 1017.24
Engineer 980.32
Mechanical Engineer 1001.96
Executive and Management
Chief Executive Officer 2227.99
Chief Financial Officer 2151.60
General Manager 1756.93
Food / Hospitality / Tourism / Catering
Chef 669.67
Executive Chef 775.34
Hotel Manager 1782.39
Travel Agent 628.93
Waiter / Waitress 520.00
Health and Medical
Dentist 2393.50
Dietitian 1947.90
Laboratory Technician 795.71
Nurse 818.63
Human Resources
Human Resources Manager 1553.23
Human Resources Officer 623.84
Information Technology
Computer Technician 788.07
Database Administrator 982.86
Developer / Programmer 1041.43
Information Technology Manager 1718.73
Network Engineer 931.94
Law Enforcement / Security / Fire
Police Officer 592.01
Legal
Attorney 1935.17
Legal Assistant 523.26
Media / Broadcasting / Arts / Entertainment
Journalist 1219.67
Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology
Biomedical Engineer 906.47
Pharmacist 1374.99
Sales Retail and Wholesale
Cashier 394.67
Sales Manager 1820.59
Sales Representative 688.77
Teaching / Education
Elementary School Teacher 683.67
Secondary School Teacher 833.90

Employment Laws In Afghanistan

  • The Afghan Labor Law prohibits discrimination in the workplace.
  • The hired workers work at a fixed pay and fixed time (based on the contract).
  • The labor law applies to all government employees. However, in the case of the private sector employees, additional laws have been formed.
  • The executive and management staff are treated the same as the other employees.
  • The average working time should not exceed 40 hours per week over a reference period of 12 months.
  • Young, pregnant, and night-shift employees may work for a maximum of 35 hours each week.
  • Nursing women are bound to get thirty minutes to break every three hours.
  • Every employee is entitled to compensation for overtime work.

How Can Skuad Help You With Hiring In Afghanistan?

Before any hiring process, a company needs to set up an HR department and be well-versed with the employment laws, minimum wage, living costs, and other regulations. The hiring process comes with additional costs. The expenses can incur a loss and need to be controlled. To save time and money, outsourcing HR services proves to be a good solution. Doing so helps you save time and focus on your company’s primary workings and services. Connect with Skuad experts to save time, effort, and money today!

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